RUSSIA IN INTERNATIONAL FOOD TRADE
Issue № 8, 2022, article № 17, pages 100-107
Section: Foreign news
Original language title: РОССИЯ В МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ТОРГОВЛЕ ПРОДОВОЛЬСТВИЕМ
Abstract: International food trade is an important direction of economic development of any state. The article examines the state of the world market of agricultural products and food at the present stage. Its commodity structure is shown and the main exporters and importers of food in the world are identified. Developed countries: USA, EU, Canada, Great Britain occupy leading positions in the world food trade, they account for more than 50% of world exports and more than 40% of food imports. At the same time, there is a growing role of countries with economies in transition and developing countries, whose share in food exports has doubled over the period 2000-2020 and currently stands at about 15% (China, India, Indonesia, Mexico). An important trend in the development of world food trade is an increase in the share of finished products of a high degree of processing in the export structure. The article notes the growing role of Russia in the food trade. The OECD-FAO forecast for the development of the world food market for the period 2021-2030 is given, according to which in the next decade the growth rate of demand for certain commodity groups of products is expected to slow down, per capita consumption of which is approaching optimal, these are primarily cereals, root crops and tubers, meat and fish products.
Authors: Medvedeva Nina Afanasevna