ASSESSMENT OF THE FORMATION OF MEAT RESOURCES IN THE FOOD SUPPLY SYSTEM
Issue № 8, 2022, article № 11, pages 62-70
Section: Agrofood market
Original language title: ОЦЕНКА ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ МЯСНЫХ РЕСУРСОВ В СИСТЕМЕ ПРОДОВОЛЬСТВЕННОГО ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ
Abstract: In the human diet, meat products are one of the most important food products containing protein of animal origin. In order to provide sufficient food for the population of the country, its own production of meat resources is of great importance. The article evaluates the formation of meat resources in Russia, including in the territorial context. There is a tendency to decrease the number and volume of production of cattle meat. Over the past thirty years, due to a significant (3.2 times) reduction in the number of livestock, the volume of meat production in farms of all categories has decreased by 2.6 times. The low specific weight of specialized meat and mixed cattle in the volume of production reduces the quality of the meat resources formed. Specialized beef cattle breeding is spatially unevenly distributed across the regions of the country. In recent years, imports of meat products have been declining in Russia. Based on the study, the main problems that hinder the full provision of meat resources to the population of the country are identified and conceptual ways to solve them are determined.