FACTORS AFFECTING THE REGION'S SELF-SUFFICIENCY IN VEGETABLE PRODUCTS
Issue № 8, 2022, article № 10, pages 55-61
Section: Agrofood market
Original language title: ФАКТОРЫ, ВЛИЯЮЩИЕ НА САМООБЕСПЕЧЕННОСТЬ РЕГИОНА ОВОЩНОЙ ПРОДУКЦИЕЙ
Abstract: Self–sufficiency of the population with basic foodstuffs is the main task of the regions. The solution of this problem cannot be the same for all subjects of the country. Each region has its own peculiarities, specifics in various fields. From climatic and demographic factors, to territorial location, logistics interchanges, political, financial and other factors. Vegetable growing as a sub-branch of agriculture itself imposes additional bindings on the possibility of achieving the necessary level of self-sufficiency. The authors have analyzed, in our opinion, the most significant factors affecting the self-sufficiency of regions with vegetables and products of their processing. The Siberian Federal District is taken as a basis, the regions of which differ significantly from each other in such indicators as: gross vegetable production, population, consumption and production of vegetables per capita, monetary incomes of the population, technological equipment of vegetable production and processing. To study the dependence of self-sufficiency of the region, the following main factors were selected. These are the consumption of vegetables and vegetable products per capita, the average annual and according to medical standards, the gross production of vegetable products in the region and the average monthly monetary income of the population. The correlation dependence technique was used. Using the normative method and the correlation method, two options for gross vegetable production were calculated, taking into account imports and the level of self-sufficiency of the region.