SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PROGRESS AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FORMATION OF AGRICULTURAL LABOUR RESOURCES
Issue № 2, 2020, article № 7, pages 42-48
Original language title: НАУЧНО–ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ ПРОГРЕСС И ЕГО ВЛИЯНИЕ НА ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ТРУДОВЫХ РЕСУРСОВ СЕЛЬСКОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА
Abstract: Recently, scientific and technological progress in agriculture is inextricably linked with the introduction of digital technology. These include the Internet of Things (Internet of Things, IoT), artificial intelligence technologies (Artificial Intelligence, AI), robotics, as well as data analysis and processing technologies using ERP systems (Enterprise Resource Planning). The application of these technologies in agriculture has a direct impact on the formation of labour resources in the industry, which is accompanied by progressive changes in the number, quality of employees, and also the nature of relations between them. In accordance with the departmental project “Digital Agriculture”, the share of specialists in agricultural enterprises that have undergone retraining and have competencies in the field of the digital economy in working with digital products and technologies should be 50‰ by 2024. When determining the content of reproduction of labour resources in the conditions of scientific and technological progress, it is advisable to use the methodology of the containing phase: production, distribution, exchange and consumption. The stages of scientific and technological progress may include the development and implementation of a scientific and technical idea, the expansion and replication of a scientific and technical idea, the modernization of a scientific and technical idea, and the exhaustion of the potential of a scientific and technical idea. The characteristic of the phases of the reproduction of labour resources is given, depending on the various stages of scientific and technical progress. Scientific and technological progress leads to a systematic reduction in the need for unskilled labour resources and an increase in the demand for qualified personnel.