INSTITUTIONS OF LAND RELATIONS IN AGRICULTURE
Issue № 10, 2019, article № 2, pages 9-14
Section: Problems of efficient management
Original language title: ИНСТИТУТЫ ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫХ ОТНОШЕНИЙ В СЕЛЬСКОМ ХОЗЯЙСТВЕ
Abstract: As a result of theoretical study of scientific works, the content of concepts of land relations and institute has been supplemented. Formal institutions have been classified, three groups of rules and regulations have been identified: I - established, II - flexible, III - highly adaptive. The Institute of agricultural land turnover has been studied taking into account the effectiveness of its elements. An analysis of the current state of land relations in agriculture showed that deformation changes have led to the formation of traps in the institutions of purchase and sale, lease, pledge of agricultural land: lack of relevant documents, non-compliance with property and lease rights, existence of abandoned and degraded land, high level of costs, etc. The example of the Saratov region revealed the established trends of increasing the area of unused own land of agricultural organizations in the Northern Left Bank and Prigorodny, rented - in the Northern Right Bank, South-Eastern, unformatted - in the Western Microzone. In general, for non-formed lands, the largest reductions in area occurred in the South-East, Central Left Bank, North Right Bank Microzones. Numerous land violations that impede the full and effective use of agricultural land necessitate the establishment of a new agricultural land management institution.