IMPORT SUBSTITUTION IN AGRICULTURE OF RUSSIA: PROBLEMS AND TENDENCIES
Issue № 12, 2016, article № 3, pages 18-22
Original language title: ИМПОРТОЗАМЕЩЕНИЕ В СЕЛЬСКОМ ХОЗЯЙСТВЕ РОССИИ: ПРОБЛЕМЫ И ТЕНДЕНЦИИ
Abstract: The results of the policy of import substitution in agriculture of Russia are considered, the problems associated with the further development of the agrarian sector of the country are marked, and the conditions to realize the potential of import substitution are formulated. The positive and negative tendencies of functioning of agriculture are allocated. There are the growth of specific weight of production in GDP, changing of export-import transactions, the achievement of indicators of the Doctrine of food security by the majority of types of production, the insufficient volume of agricultural production in general, the low investment activity, the deterioration in a condition of farmlands, high scales of rural poverty, the demographic problems, the dependence of domestic agrarian and industrial complex from the foreign equipment and technologies. The conclusion is drawn that macroeconomic conditions are created by limiting factors of development of agriculture both from the supply, and from demand. Instability of an economic situation of agricultural producers, low rates of modernization of production, the reduction of the population income and demand represent serious risks for the solution of problems of long-term development of agriculture. Fuller realization of potential in the sphere of import substitution requires strengthening of the state support in technical and technological updating of branch, increase in its investment appeal, improvement of social conditions of activity of country people, improvement of macroeconomic operating conditions of agrarian sector.
Authors: CHekalin Viacheslav Sergeevich