CHANGES IN POPULATION DENSITY IN AREAS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURES
Issue № 3, 2016, article № 10, pages 66-72
Section: Social problems of rural territories
Original language title: ИЗМЕНЕНИЕ ПЛОТНОСТИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ В РАЙОНАХ С РАЗЛИЧНЫМ ТИПОМ АГРАРНЫХ СТРУКТУР
Abstract: The article is written on the basis of the research «To develop methods for evaluating the impact of agricultural structures at the efficiency of agriculture» made in All-Russian Institute for Agrarian Issues and Informatics named after A.A Nikonov (2015). Population density is one of the most important indicators of statistics of the population on which dynamics it is possible to draw certain conclusions about development or degradations of concrete territories. Density of rural people in areas and the created type of agrarian structure are interconnected The article is focused on the study of the dynamics of population density, as well as rural population density at the district level based on the data base formed by the authors from Rosstat data for 2002 and 2012. Also the dynamics of these indicators were studied by types of agricultural structures of the districts allocated on the basis of prior research of the authors. The conclusion about the depopulation of the increasing number of districts was made: during the study period (2002-2012) the number of districts with a very low (less than 2.5 people / km) population density increased by 16‰. The rural population decreased more rapidly: in 2002 the districts with a density of rural population less than 11.5 persons /sq km amounted to 46‰ of the total, but in 2012 they comprised of more than a half of the total number of districts (50.2‰). In 2012, more than half of the population of Russia (53‰) and 55‰ of the rural population were living in areas of predominantly family small-scale type of agricultural production. This exacerbates the problem of rural development, as in the current state family small-scale type of agricultural production is not the case of development of commercial farming, but rather means of survival of the population. It is recommended to add indicators of groups of population density and density of rural people to the list of the indicators traced by service of statistics, to use their dynamics as the indicators characterizing implementation of the FTP "A sustainable development of rural territories for 2014-2017 and for the period till 2020".