THE USE OF SCENARIO APPROACHES TO SUBSTANTIATE THE CHOICE OF DIRECTIONS FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE FUNCTIONING OF THE CROP SUB COMPLEX
Issue № 4, 2023, article № 14, pages 100-105
Section: Problems of agroeconomic researches
Original language title: ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ СЦЕНАРНЫХ ПОДХОДОВ К ОБОСНОВАНИЮ ВЫБОРА НАПРАВЛЕНИЙ ПОВЫШЕНИЯ ЭФФЕКТИВНОСТИ ФУНКЦИОНИРОВАНИЯ РАСТЕНИЕВОДЧЕСКОГО ПОДКОМПЛЕКСА
Abstract: The need to increase the pace of production of domestic agricultural products, increased requirements for its quality and environmental friendliness of production pose the task of increasing the efficiency of the crop sub complex, including through the introduction of digital solutions. The article analyzes the research on the efficiency of agricultural production. The study of the HSE Research Institute, reflecting Russia's position on the 47th place in the GII-2022 rating, reveals the need for an in-depth study of the current state of the crop production sub complex and its innovativeness. Abstract-logical, decomposition, monographic and analytical, economic and statistical research methods were used in the work. The nature of the spread of innovations in crop production is positive, but the coverage of organizations is insignificant and lower in comparison with other types of economic activity. In this regard, a method of decision-making based on the use of scenario approaches is proposed, consisting of stages: analysis and assessment of the state and behavior of the processes of production and sale of agricultural products, identification of problem areas, scenario preparation, individual and comprehensive assessment of scenarios, scenario selection and management decision-making with subsequent translation to performers, control of implementation, formation of feedback links by results. The methodology allows us to calculate various scenarios for the development of events as a result of various options for decisions, including the digitalization of agricultural production. The decision-making tool based on scenario approaches is tested on the example of an agricultural enterprise of the Ryazan region, economic calculations and statistical models are presented.