PROBLEMS AND PRIORITY DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF ENTERPRISES OF PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING OF FRUIT AND BERRY PRODUCTS
Issue № 4, 2023, article № 9, pages 58-69
Section: Agrofood market
Original language title: ПРОБЛЕМЫ И ПРИОРИТЕТНЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ РАЗВИТИЯ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ ПРОИЗВОДСТВА И ПЕРЕРАБОТКИ ПЛОДОВО-ЯГОДНОЙ ПРОДУКЦИИ
Abstract: The purpose of the article is to identify priority areas of concentration of efforts on the part of government agencies, as well as managers of fruit sub complex enterprises in solving problems of ensuring the efficiency of production activities and reducing import dependence of finished products and plant protection products, plant nutrition, machinery, technologies. The article reveals the problems of agro-industrial production, intensified as a result of the sanctions imposed, and ways to overcome them. Analysis of the state of fruit and berry production by category of farms for the period 2015-2021 revealed structural problems of the industry. The largest share in the all–Russian volume of production is accounted for by personal subsidiary farms of the population – 64.1%, agricultural enterprises – 31.1%, and peasant (farm) farms - 4.8%. In total, Russia occupies 0.4% of the global production of fruit and berry products. The solution of the problem of strengthening the competitiveness of the fruit sub complex in the conditions of increasing sanctions pressure is possible with the accelerated solution of the following problems: restoration of specialized agricultural organizations, development of consumer cooperation, agro-industrial integration; widespread introduction of innovations in production, restoration of the processing industry; strengthening of state support. This will ensure the growth of production volumes, support domestic demand, as well as the activation of investment and innovation activities. The main directions and practical achievements of foreign and domestic scientific research that have a significant impact on the efficiency of production and its modernization are given. The priority of state support is indicated.
Authors: Velibekova Luiza Alikovna