KEY TECHNOLOGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS OF RUSSIA
Issue № 12, 2022, article № 15, pages 90-95
Section: Social problems of rural territories
Original language title: КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ УСТОЙЧИВОГО РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЙ РОССИИ
Keywords: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, RURAL AREAS, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, NON-AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES, BIOLOGIZATION, SOCIAL WELL-BEING, ECOLOGICAL BALANCE
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify the key technologies of agricultural and non-agricultural activities that ensure the sustainable development of rural areas in Russia. Sustainable development of rural areas is understood as a balanced combination of three components: economic growth, social well-being and ecological balance. It is shown that innovations introduced into production in rural areas mainly provide economic efficiency, while forgetting about the social and environmental well-being of the village. According to world practice, sustainability is achieved only if innovative technologies lead to an improvement in the working conditions of employees of enterprises, an increase in their well-being, getting rid of monotonous and hard work, and also preserve/improve the ecosystems of rural areas. The priority technologies of sustainable agricultural production are: agrobiotechnologies, nanotechnologies in crop production and animal husbandry, mobile agricultural robots and autonomous agricultural machinery, unmanned aerial vehicles, robotic greenhouse complexes, technologies for animal waste management, adaptive landscape farming, technologies for biomelioration and biodiversity conservation, technologies for minimizing tillage. For non–agricultural activities, these are alternative and renewable energy sources, waste recycling, green construction technologies and other environmental management technologies. The technologies presented in this study should become a priority for the further development of rural areas of Russia, as they allow not only to meet the needs of modern rural society, but also to create conditions for the life of future generations.
Authors: Petukhova Marina Sergeevna, Kokorin Artem Vadimovich