STATE AND TRENDS OF COOPERATION DEVELOPMENT IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE EAEU COUNTRIES
Issue № 8, 2022, article № 16, pages 93-99
Section: Cooperation and integration
Original language title: СОСТОЯНИЕ И ТЕНДЕНЦИИ РАЗВИТИЯ КООПЕРАЦИИ В АГРАРНОМ СЕКТОРЕ СТРАН ЕАЭС
Abstract: Agriculture occupies a certain niche in the economy of the EAEU countries, its condition has an impact on the standard of living of a third of the population. Agriculture is a promising area of mutual cooperation and the development of exports of products with high added value. The largest share of agriculture in the GDP structure is observed in Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, also in these countries there is a high share of people employed in agriculture, and the share of agriculture in gross value added is 13.5 and 14.0%, respectively. In these countries, more than 90% of products are created by small forms of management, in Kazakhstan, the share of small forms of management accounts for 76%. The main producers of agricultural products in Russia and Belarus are agricultural organizations of various forms of ownership, they account for 60% and 80% respectively in the structure of production. The laws on cooperation and programs in force in each country have not led to an increase in the coverage of the majority of commodity producers by cooperatives, as in foreign countries with a developed cooperative system, where most of the commodity producers are members of at least one cooperative. Co-operatives are created mainly for the purpose of obtaining financial support from international organizations or the State. The members of the existing cooperatives have a low commitment to its activities. The development of the cooperative system provides for an appropriate legislative framework, the creation of new forms of cooperatives, the constant work of consulting centers, and effective state support.
Authors: Moiseeva Olga Aleksandrovna