IMPROVING THE CLASSIFIER OF FOOD FISH PRODUCTS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF THE FISHING COMPLEX OF RUSSIA
Issue № 8, 2022, article № 13, pages 77-83
Original language title: СОВЕРШЕНСТВОВАНИЕ КЛАССИФИКАТОРА ПИЩЕВОЙ РЫБНОЙ ПРОДУКЦИИ В УСЛОВИЯХ ЦИФРОВОЙ ТРАНСФОРМАЦИИ РЫБОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННОГО КОМПЛЕКСА РОССИИ
Abstract: The strategic direction in the field of digital transformation of the agro-industrial and fisheries sectors of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030, the main goal is to achieve "digital maturity" in the field of agro-industrial and fisheries complexes. The ongoing digitalization of fisheries research in the near future will lead to a multiple increase in the volume of information collected. The need for its accumulation, processing and storage requires the creation of databases of scientific data and management systems for these databases. The article considers the need to update the All-Russian classifier of products by types of economic activity (OKPD 2) in terms of fish products, which contributes to filling other forms of federal reporting with an expanded list of aquatic biological species, which makes it possible to track the movement of fish products by type in the domestic market when moving from fishing areas to central regions and control the complete chain of use of raw materials from catch to consumption. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the need for unification and harmonization of national and international systems of description and coding of goods. For the fisheries sector, this comparability is of particular importance due to such reasons as the high share of export-import operations in the total turnover of the Russian fisheries, significant differences in the species composition of Russian catches and processing methods from the corresponding foreign indicators, as well as significant differences in national statistical accounting and classification of fish products.