DIGITAL MODEL OF LAND RENT FORMATION AND REGULATION IN THE REGION'S AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX
Issue № 7, 2022, article № 15, pages 91-100
Original language title: ЦИФРОВАЯ МОДЕЛЬ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ И ИНСТИТУЦИОНАЛЬНОГО РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЯ ЗЕМЕЛЬНОЙ РЕНТЫ В АПК РЕГИОНА
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to create a digital model for the institutional regulation of land rent in agriculture, based on the justification of the principles and mechanisms for calculating and controlling the processes of its formation, withdrawal and distribution, taking into account the growth of their relevance in conditions of high food inflation. The theory and methodology for assessing the cadastral and market value of agricultural land in a digitalization environment, in a geo-information environment was used. A general diagram of the institutional model and a working digital platform consisting of four main blocks are presented, in which, based on information on all expenditure items in the context of all crops (groups), output and its implementation, the initial amounts of land rent are determined. Auxiliary (analytical and calculation) units related to the markets are connected to them: means of production; products and raw materials for processing; agricultural land, as well as a block for calculating deviations (seizures or increments) of land rent. With the help of auxiliary units, information is submitted to the platform on possible changes in prices of suppliers of means of production and buyers of agricultural products and raw materials. According to this data, the size of the seizures (increments) of land rent is determined. The model can be attractive not only for users of land rent (land owners (owners), the state and society), but also for direct producers, since parallel calculations of the entrepreneur's profit are carried out, demonstrating its possible losses from the actions of various counterparties. The novelty of the study, consisting in the development of an exclusive digital full-format model of institutional regulation of land rent in the agro-industrial complex of the region, is confirmed by calculations using reliable information from agricultural producers of the region.