ENSURING TECHNOLOGICAL SOVEREIGNTY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF RUSSIA IN THE CONDITIONS OF SANCTIONS PRESSURE
Issue № 7, 2022, article № 1, pages 2-9
Original language title: ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКОГО СУВЕРЕНИТЕТА В АГРОПРОМЫШЛЕННОМ КОМПЛЕКСЕ РОССИИ В УСЛОВИЯХ САНКЦИОННОГО ДАВЛЕНИЯ
Abstract: The article is devoted to issues of technological sovereignty in the country's agro-industrial complex in the conditions of economic sanctions of unfriendly states. The high dependence of domestic agricultural producers on foreign producers of innovative technologies, as well as the necessary means of mechanization and chemicalization for agricultural production, was noted. The need to increase the funds of budgetary financing of research organizations in order to develop domestic breeding both in crop production and in livestock breeding is justified. This is due to the fact that currently the ratio of domestic research and development costs in agriculture to gross value added created in the industry is almost 1.5 times lower than the same indicator in science as a whole: 0.70 and 1.03 percent, respectively. A significant reduction in created varieties and hybrids of crops (by 18.5%), developed new and improved technologies (by 37%) for the period from 2015 to 2021 was shown. The significance of the national project "Science and Universities" as one of the main tools for ensuring technological sovereignty in the agricultural sector of the stratum economy was noted. The role and significance of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Agriculture for 2017-2025 (further - FNTP) has been determined, which is designed to remove the dependence of the domestic agricultural sector on Western technologies in crop production, animal husbandry, feed production, storage and processing of agricultural products. Mechanisms and tools for innovative development of the agricultural sector have been developed and strategic directions have been formulated that require immediate solution in the new economic conditions.
Authors: Nechaev Vasilii Ivanovich