STATE AND TRENDS OF DEVELOPMENT OF DAIRY CATTLE BREEDING: REGIONAL ASPECT
Issue № 3, 2022, article № 10, pages 56-63
Section: Agrofood market
Original language title: СОСТОЯНИЕ И ТЕНДЕНЦИИ РАЗВИТИЯ МОЛОЧНОГО СКОТОВОДСТВА: РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЙ АСПЕКТ
Abstract: The functioning of domestic dairy cattle breeding is determined by the variety of climatic and socio-economic conditions, the combination of which determines the feasibility of the development of various types of farming. Currently, trends in milk production volumes are largely shaped by factors of intensive development, as evidenced by the increase in milk production against the background of a decrease in the number of dairy herds. At the same time, the structural proportions by categories of farms in the regions of Russia differ significantly. Thus, the average values in the country indicate the practical parity of the production of small forms of management and enterprises, while in the Volgograd region, small forms of management continue to prevail in milk production, which are characterized by the use of outdated technologies, low production efficiency, the prevalence of the social component in the development of agribusiness. At the same time, there is a high concentration of milk production in the segment of agricultural organizations, as well as the industrial nature of economic activity, which provides a transitional state of reproduction, from simple to expanded, taking into account significant state support. The limitation of intensive growth is due to the high capital intensity of technological innovations in dairy cattle breeding. As a result, the actual parameters of milk production in relation to its consumption form a shortage of products, the level of which is significantly reduced in the field of processing, emphasize the high proportion of imported raw materials. The deviation of production volumes from milk consumption leads to the need for a more dynamic growth of milk production and dairy products. At the same time, the investment opportunities of the overwhelming majority of commodity producers indicate a greater demand for organizational and marketing innovations in dairy cattle breeding. In this regard, ensuring the digital transformation of economic processes in the organization, management and sale of agricultural food will contribute to the development of cooperation of agribusiness entities and saving transaction costs, which will create new conditions for increasing innovation activity in the dissemination of capital-intensive technological innovations that will accelerate the pace of milk production.