ON PROBLEMS OF ACHIEVING FOOD SECURITY FOR RURAL POPULATION
Issue № 11, 2021, article № 3, pages 20-25
Original language title: О ПРОБЛЕМАХ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ ПРОДОВОЛЬСТВЕННОЙ БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ СЕЛЬСКОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ
Abstract: The problem of food security of the rural population is becoming an urgent task requiring an urgent solution for almost all countries of the world, which is recognized by international organizations, including the UN. Over the past 10-15 years, there has been a steady downward trend in milk and meat production in rural households, despite the fact that these products are the main source of food supply for a significant part of the rural population. In recent years, the income and employment of the rural population began to decline, which limited the possibilities of consuming the most valuable food products for organizing rational nutrition. If on average in the Russian Federation the provision of the rural population with products produced by them according to the recommended standards was, for example, 88.6% for milk, then in some regions the indicators of self-sufficiency were below 40%. Ultimately, this leads to an aggravation of the problem of ensuring the food security of the rural population. The article also discusses certain areas that contribute to ensuring food security. In particular, it is proposed to strengthen the state's entrepreneurial activity of farms and individual entrepreneurs, steadily increasing the volume of livestock production.