MODERN PROBLEMS OF SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE OF THE COUNTRY AND POSSIBLE APPROACHES TO THEIR DECISION
Issue № 11, 2021, article № 1, pages 2-12
Original language title: СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕННОГО РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА СТРАНЫ И ВОЗМОЖНЫЕ ПОДХОДЫ К ИХ РЕШЕНИЮ
Keywords: AGRICULTURE, RURAL TERRITORIES, STRATEGY, SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, CONCENTRATION, SPECIALIZATION, PLACEMENT, ECONOMIC SPACE, MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS, SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT, BRANCH, POPULATION, SPATIAL ORGANIZATION, COUNTRY, LARGE AND LARGEST AGGLOMERATIONS, CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS, APPROACHES, TERRITORIAL ENTITIES
Abstract: The main modern problems of the spatial development of agriculture are considered in the context of the planned change in the new administrative-territorial division of the country. It is noted that the possibility of choosing large and largest agglomerations as one of the priorities of the country's spatial development remains one of the most acute and debatable issues, on which agriculture and the functioning of rural territories will largely depend. In the future, it is important to ensure the development of the country's agriculture not only at the expense of large and largest agglomerations, but also of a rational combination of the development of all directions of the spatial organization of the branch and rural territories, which will simultaneously weaken the huge concentration of production resources in separate territories and the uncontrolled accelerated exodus of the rural population, leading to the depopulation of a significant part of rural areas, especially continuing in the vast majority of depressed regions. Ultimately, this should become a guarantee that not all socio-economic life will be concentrated in only a few large and largest agglomerations, and its development will more or less evenly occur throughout the country, including numerous small rural settlements. This will make it possible to maximize the rational use of the existing potential of all regions, to suspend and weaken the trend of over-concentration of the population and economy in individual megacities that has developed over many years, to more objectively take into account the historical and modern realities, national characteristics, the prevailing traditional way of rural life.
Authors: Altukhov Anatolii Ivanovich