DIFFERENTIALLY - PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS
Issue № 5, 2019, article № 13, pages 82-88
Section: Social problems of rural territories
Original language title: ДИФФЕРЕНЦИАЛЬНО-ПРОИЗВОДСТВЕННЫЙ МЕТОД ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ УСТОЙЧИВОГО РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЙ РЕГИОНА
Keywords: RURAL TERRITORIES, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, METHODS, FUNDS, RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE, MANAGEMENT
Abstract: Agricultural organizations of the Saratov region have three million hectares of agricultural land. All the farms of the region are divided into groups, depending on the size of land use. In the most numerous group, with the smallest size of land, having up to 3 thousand hectares of land for each farm, includes 212 farms. The next group, consisting of 160 farms, has a land area of 3 to 10 thousand hectares. The group of large farms with land use from 10 to 20 thousand hectares includes 57 farms. The largest representatives, having from 20 thousand hectares and more - 29 farms, which in aggregate make up 36.4‰ of all agricultural land of the region. The increase in the scale of production, the re-equipment of new equipment and the use of advanced technologies made it possible, on average over the past 5 years, to increase revenue per 1 large farm to 294 million roubles, while on average for all farms in the region it was 67 million roubles. Annual revenue per employee for large enterprises amounted to 1.6 million, for all agricultural organizations of the region 1.5 million roubles. Net profit per enterprise amounted to, respectively, 80 and 11 million roubles. At the same time, in large farms of the region the net profit per employee is 1.6 times higher than the average for agricultural enterprises of the region and amounted to 402 thousand roubles. According to the results of the research, a differential production method for sustainable development of rural areas was proposed. It consists in forming a fund for the development of the social sphere of the village by increasing the net profit of agricultural organizations on the basis of growing high-yielding traditional and new crops, taking into account a differentiated approach in the micro-zones of the region using resources, technology and efficient use of factors of production.
Authors: Firsov Aleksandr Georgievich, IUrkova Marina Sergeevna, Kondrashkin Aleksei Mikhailovich, Kachanov Aleksandr Ivanovich