TRANSFORMATIONAL EFFECTS OF TRANSITION TO DIGITAL ECONOMY
Issue № 2, 2019, article № 3, pages 14-21
Section: Problems of efficient management
Original language title: ТРАНСФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ ЭФФЕКТЫ ПЕРЕХОДА К ЦИФРОВОЙ ЭКОНОМИКЕ
Abstract: Digital economy is viewed as the level of development of the production system, involving the massive use of digital and information and communication technologies and allowing fundamental modernization of the system of inter-subject interactions, while digital transformation is understood as a process of transition of socio-economic systems to such development level. The management of the digital transformation processes should be considered, in the first place, as change management at the levels of the state, economic sectors, fields of activity, individual economic entities, and individuals. The digital transformation of the economy cannot be fragmented; it should cover all stages of the reproduction process. The global objective of digital transformation is to form a new information and technological continuum as a qualitatively different environment for social development. The system of local goals of digital transformation reflects the set of directions for the occurrence of the expected transformational effects. The digitalization of the economy generates not only positive, but also negative transformational effects associated with the negative consequences of the large-scale introduction of digital technologies in public life and digital expansion into all spheres of human activity. The main threats include reduction of employment, simplification of labour functions and reduction of requirements for human creativity, weakening of the governing, coordinating and controlling role of the state, transformation of models of economic behaviour of economic entities, high speed and intensity of changes, the possibility of increasing digital inequality and imbalance of digitalization processes, activation of cybercrime. The article describes the range of tasks facing the state, business and individuals, the solution of which will ensure minimization of the negative transformational effects and the consequences of the identified threats.