MARKET OF BEEF: THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE, TENDENCIES AND THE PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT
Issue № 5, 2018, article № 14, pages 92-99
Section: Foreign news
Original language title: РЫНОК ГОВЯДИНЫ: МИРОВОЙ ОПЫТ, ТЕНДЕНЦИИ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ
Abstract: World production of beef meat increased. In 2016, the volume of production was 65.97 million tons. The share of Russia has significantly decreased in recent years and reached a level of 2.45‰. The stagnation of production is evident in the conditions of high costs and unprofitable production. The existing small-scale production of 58.8‰ of the total volume does not allow competitiveness. Expansion of the industrial experience of beef meat production is required on feed locks. The positive experience is in US and Brazil. The number of cattle, as the main quantitative factor of the increase in production, declined. However, the livestock of specialized livestock is growing every year. Analysis of the regional location allows us that the number of cattle is mainly in the Southern, Central, Privolzhsky Federal Districts. A significant factor is consumption. It had a negative tendency and did not meet the norms from 2015. Consequently, regulation of production and consumption are required together. In this article, the key interrelations in meat cattle breeding for system regulation are defined. Objective information about cattle breeding in open official sources is necessary.