AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS: PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF THE 2016 CENSUS
Issue № 12, 2017, article № 9, pages 66-72
Section: Problems of agroeconomic researches
Original language title: СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННЫЕ ОРГАНИЗАЦИИ: ПРЕДВАРИТЕЛЬНЫЕ РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ ПЕРЕПИСИ 2016Г
Abstract: Based on the preliminary results of the All-Russian Agricultural Census of 2016 published by Rosstat, the materials of the previous census, current statistics and data of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, the tendencies of the development of agricultural organizations in the use of land and labour resources have been revealed by means of comparative analysis. The conclusion is made that during the intercensal period the sector developed towards increasing the efficiency and intensity of resource use by operating agricultural organizations. This is proved by the increase in the average size of enterprises with a significant reduction in the number of workers, the growth of the share of agricultural land used, the positive dynamics of profitability, the reduction of loss-making production (cattle breeding) with the growth of more profitable (pigs, poultry). However, these processes are due to the further squeezing of the land resource base, including the most productive (arable land), increased exploitation of workers. This is accompanied by unregulated land relations of non-operating agricultural organizations that accumulate huge land resources. Agricultural organizations also have large areas of unproductive land. At the same time, Rosnedvizhimost's data and Censuses have a significant discrepancy in the number of agricultural organizations that have land resources. It is necessary to inventory the land of agricultural organizations. The number occupied by 1 enterprise in the agricultural organizations was reduced from 81 to 57 people, in small farms - from 4 to 3 persons. Growth of profitability of agricultural business significantly wasn't reflected in the salary of workers of agriculture. It is necessary to pay attention to a ratio of salaries and profitability while intensity of work and the requirement to quality of labour have raised.
Authors: Gataulina Ekaterina Aleksandrovna